Aviation Fuels


Jet fuel, aviation turbine fuel (ATF), or avtur, is a type of aviation fuel designed for use in aircraft powered by gas-turbine engines. It is colorless to straw-colored in appearance. The most commonly used fuels for commercial aviation are Jet A and Jet A-1, which are produced to a standardized international specification. The only other jet fuel commonly used in civilian turbine-engine powered aviation is Jet B, which is used for its enhanced cold-weather performance.

Jet fuel is a mixture of a large number of different hydrocarbons. The range of their sizes (molecular weights or carbon numbers) is defined by the requirements for the product, such as the freezing or smoke point. Kerosene-type jet fuel (including Jet A and Jet A-1) has a carbon number distribution between about 8 and 16 (carbon atoms per molecule); wide-cut or naphtha-type jet fuel (including Jet B), between about 5 and 15.

Jet A-1 fuel must meet:

  • DEF STAN 91-91 (Jet A-1)
  • ASTM specification D1655 (Jet A-1)
  • IATA Guidance Material (Kerosene Type)
  • NATO Code F-35.




The TS-1 jet fuel grade is intended for use in subsonic aircraft.

Its physical, chemical, and performance specifications meet the requirements of Russia’s latest industry standard edition (GOST 10227). The product also fully conforms to the Customs Union Technical Regulations (Technical Regulation Act 013/2011 – Technical Requirements for Gasoline, Diesel, Bunker Fuels, Jet Fuels and Heating Oil).

TS-1 key properties:

  • high volatility to ensure combustion efficiency;
  • high efficiency and heat of combustion to ensure distance of flight;
  • high pumpability and good low-temperature properties for injection into the combustion chamber;
  • low deposit formation susceptibility;
  • high compatibility with materials, good anti-wear and anti-static properties.

If the content of total and mercaptan sulphur is high, the TS-1 fuel is subjected to hydrotreating or demercaptanization, and then mixed with straight-run fuel before use. Hydrotreated component content is limited to 70 % to prevent the deterioration of anti-wear properties.

Jet fuel is a low-hazard product and is classified as hazard Level 4 substance by GOST 12.1.007-76.

Storage life for jet fuel is five years from the date of production.